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external image 200px-Alienigena.jpg

Roswell Aliens,
Skrit Na,

First reported:
September 19, 1961
Last sighted:
Present Day
In ufology, Greys, also known as Roswell aliens, Zetas, and Reticulians, are alleged aliens or extraterrestrial life forms that appear in modern UFO conspiracy theories and other UFO-related paranormal phenomena. Said to be one of several species of aliens, greys make up approximately 75 percent of all aliens reported in the United States, 20 percent of all aliens reported in Continental Europe, and 12 percent of all aliens reported in Great Britain.[1] In American popular culture they have replaced little green men as the most typical extraterrestrial life form.


[hide]* 1 Appearance

[edit] Appearance

Typically, Greys are described as being approximately 120 cm (four feet) tall, with grey (sometimes blue-grey/green-grey) skin. Their body is typically described as being elongated, and lacking in muscular definition. Their legs are shorter and jointed differently than one would expect in a human, giving them an apparently awkward gait. Their arms often reach down to their knees, and some accounts give them three digits, or three digits and a thumb on each hand. They have a bulbous, hairless head supported by a thin neck, which is dominated by large, (usually black) lidless eyes. They typically have small flat noses, small mouths and small ears lacking a pinna. In some cases, Greys are said to have slit-like nostrils on a flat face.[2][3][4][5]
Some accounts have Greys wearing tight neutral colored uniform-like jumpsuits. Other reports have them appearing to be naked. In most cases, clothed Greys have no determinable gender and naked Greys have no visible external genitals.

[edit] The Grey in society and culture

[edit] 1890-1950

Although the exact appearance of the Grey has varied with time and media, the overall concept of "a thin diminutive grey figure with a bulbous bald head, large almond shape eyes, and minimal facial features", has existed in popular culture for over 100 years. Grey-like beings have appeared in numerous science fiction stories from the late 19th century onwards; including H.G. Wells' Of a Book Unwritten, The Man of the Year Million; in which Wells writes about the hypothesis that the increasing industrialization of society would lead to humans developing into Grey-like beings with shrunken bodies and enlarged brains, and his 1901 book The First Men in the Moon in which he describes the moon dwelling Selenites as being short, grey skinned creatures, with high foreheads, no nose, and bulging eyes who walked with a strange gait due to their oddly articulated legs.[6]
The Conquerors
The Conquerors
external image magnify-clip.pngThe Conquerors
The concept was continued in comics and science fiction magazines into the early 20th century, including such works as David H. Keller's The Conquerors, which was serialized in the Wonder stories, starting in 1929 December.

[edit] 1950-1960

In the wake of the Kenneth Arnold sightings, the 1950s saw an increased public awareness of ETH and Flying saucer in America; leading to a corresponding increase in the appearance of Grey-like creatures in cinema and television.

[edit] 1960-1970

Until the 1960s, the image of the Grey primarily existed in popular fiction, but this began to change in 1965 when the Boston Traveler published the purportedly true story of abductees Betty and Barney Hill. The story included details from a hypnosis session, conducted a year earlier by Dr. Benjamin Simon, in which the Hills described being taken aboard a pancake-like craft by small hairless men with no noses and slanted eyes that wrapped around to the sides of their heads.[7]
An alien seen on TV 12 days prior to the making of Hill's 'Grey' hypnosis tape
An alien seen on TV 12 days prior to the making of Hill's 'Grey' hypnosis tape
external image magnify-clip.pngAn alien seen on TV 12 days prior to the making of Hill's 'Grey' hypnosis tape
Coincidentally on the 10th of February 1964; 12 days prior to the Hills undergoing hypnosis, the science fiction series The Outer Limits ran an episode entitled "The Bellero Shield", which featured a hairless, noseless alien with a bulbous head and 'wrap-around eyes'.[8]
Furthermore, Betty Hill maintained that she had not seen The Outer Limits, and said that it was unlikely that her husband had seen the episode, because he would either have been working, or performing community activities, during the series' time slot.[8]
The 'Star Map' to Zeta Reticuli, as extrapolated by Betty Hill and Marjorie Fish
The 'Star Map' to Zeta Reticuli, as extrapolated by Betty Hill and Marjorie Fish
external image magnify-clip.pngThe 'Star Map' to Zeta Reticuli, as extrapolated by Betty Hill and Marjorie Fish
In 1968, Greys became associated with the Zeta Reticuli system, after amateur astronomer Marjorie Fish compared a Star Map drawn by Betty Hill to astronomical charts, and determined that the twelve stars depicted on the map showed the aliens home to be a planet in the Zeta Reticuli system, situated approximately 39 light years from Earth. This led to Greys sometimes being referred to as 'Zetas' or 'Reticulians' in popular culture.

[edit] 1970-1980

In 1977, Director Steven Spielberg chose Greys as the alien protagonist for his film, Close Encounters of the Third Kind. The Greys have since become the archetypal image of an alien for many UFO believers and science fiction fans.
UFO researcher Leonard H. Stringfield began to take the stories of crashed flying saucers, retrieved alien bodies, and autopsies on the bodies seriously. From a variety of sources, he built up a composite of the retrieved bodies, which seem to be that of the classic Greys. Stringfield presented his preliminary results at a MUFON symposium in 1978.
In 1980, Stringfield presented a second document to MUFON in which he presented a series of anatomical diagrams which he stated that he obtained from medical personnel who claim to have performed autopsies on alien corps during the 1950. [9] His report included a number of characteristics that can be found in many contemporary Grey reports and in theatrical reproductions.
  • Overall humanoid appearance. Bodies usually described as "formed out of a mold" with identical facial characteristics.
  • Height of 3-1/2 to 4-1/2 feet with a weight of approximately 40 pounds.
  • Two round eyes without pupils with heavy brow ridge. Eyes described variously as large, almond-shaped, elongated, sunken/deep set, far apart, slightly slanted, appearing "Oriental" or "Mongoloid."
  • The head was large by human standards for the size of the body. It is often described as "pear-shaped." X-ray revealed a human-like mandible, maxilla, and other cranial bone structure.
  • No ear lobes or protruding flesh beyond holes on each side of head.
  • Vague nose, two holes with only a slight protuberance.
  • Mouth a small "slit" without lips, opening into a small cavity. Mouth appears not to function for communication or food ingestion. There is only a hint of a tongue. There are no teeth. There is a membrane at the back of the mouth separating it from what would be the digestive track. However, there is no digestive system or GI tract.
  • Neck is thin, sometimes not visible because of garments.
  • Head generally described as hairless, sometimes a slight fuzz. Bodies are hairless
  • Torso is small and thin. In most instances, the body was observed wearing a metallic but flexible garment.
  • Arms are described as long, thin, and reaching down to the knee section. The legs are short and thin.
  • Hand is generally described with four fingers and no thumb with slight webbing between fingers. Two fingers appear longer than the others. Sometimes fingernails are reported.
  • Skin variously reported as beige, tan, brown, tannish or pinkish or bluish gray. Texture is scaly or repilian, elastic and mobile over smooth muscle or skeletal tissue. No striated muscle.
  • There are either no reproductive organs or atrophied reproductive organs.

[edit] 1980-1990

During the early 1980s Greys were linked to the alleged crash landing of a flying saucer in Roswell New Mexico, in 1947, by a number of publications which contained statements from witnesses who claimed to have seen the US military handling a number of unusually proportioned, bald, child-sized corpses. The witnesses claimed that the corpses had over-sized heads and slanted eyes - but scant other facial features - during and after the incident. [10]
In 1987 popular novelist Whitley Strieber published the book Communion, in which he describes a number of close encounters he purports to have experienced with Greys and other extraterrestrial beings. The book became a New York Times bestseller.

[edit] 1990-present day

During the 1990s, popular culture began to increasingly link Greys to a number of Military-industrial complex/New World Order conspiracy theories.
Arguably, the most well known of these was The X-Files, which first screened in 1993. It combined the quest to find proof of the existence of Grey-like extraterrestrials with a number of UFO conspiracy theory subplots, in order to form its primary story arc. Other notable examples include Dark Skies; first broadcast in 1996, which expanded upon the MJ-12 conspiracy, and Stargate SG-1 which in the 1998 episode "Thor's Chariot" introduced the Asgard, a race of beneficent Greys who visited ancient Earth masquerading as characters from Norse Mythology.
In 1995 film maker Ray Santilli claimed to have obtained 22 reels of 16mm film that depicted the autopsy of a real life Grey that was said to have been recovered from the site of the 1947 incident in Roswell, New Mexico.[11][12] However, in 2006 Santilli announced that the film was not original, but was instead a reconstruction created after the original film was found to have degraded. He maintained that a real Grey had been found and autopsied on camera in 1947, and that the footage released to the public contained a percentage of that original footage, but he was not able to say what that percentage was. This film became the subject of the British comedy movie Alien Autopsy staring popular television presenters Ant & Dec.[13][14]
In recent years, public opinion polls have indicated wide public belief that aliens have visited Earth. Grey aliens are the most commonly cited. According to Dr. Steven Greer, head of CSETI, over 400 "government, military, and intelligence community witnesses" have offered testimony to the existence of aliens and UFO and/or efforts to cover up their existence.[15]

[edit] Perspectives

While Greys are commonly portrayed as being factual/fictional extraterrestrials, many related and alternative hypotheses exist in both science and popular culture.
Neurologist Dr. Steven Novella believes that the physical appearance of a Grey does not represent a real flesh and blood creature, but that it is instead a byproduct of the human imagination, with the Greys' most distinctive features representing everything that modern humans traditionally link with intelligence. “The aliens, however, do not just appear as humans, they appear like humans with those traits we psychologically associate with intelligence.” Novella holds that if you were to plot the physical differences between an ape and a human, and then apply these differences directly to a human model, the resulting human would strongly resemble a Grey. [16]
Philosopher Michael Grosso believes that Greys, along with many paranormal myths and legends throughout history, are the telepathic manifestation of the collective consciousness of a community or culture. [17] He proposes that the physical form of the Grey is that of a malnourished human being, not an alien, and that Greys may be a manifestation of guilt felt by the developed world over the plight of the developing world.
American researcher and self-termed alternative knowledge author Lloyd Pye advocates the hypothesis that modern Humans are the result of genetic intervention by Greys from another star system, and believes that there has been a sustained program to crossbreed Greys and Humans over the centuries. He holds that the Mexico Starchild skull constitutes empirical evidence in support of his standpoint.[18] According to English reproductive biologist Jack Cohen, the typical image of a Grey; given that it would have evolved on a world with different environmental and ecological conditions from Earth, is too physiologically similar to a human to be credible as a representation of an alien. [19]
It has also been suggested that Greys represent"
  • A modern iteration of ancient folklore and myth
  • Part of a government-led disinformation/plausible deniability campaign[4]
  • Extradimensional life forms[20]
  • A product of Government mind control experiments. [21][22]

[edit] In popular culture

Thor, a member of the Asgard race in Stargate SG-1
Thor, a member of the Asgard race in Stargate SG-1
external image magnify-clip.pngThor, a member of the Asgard race in Stargate SG-1

[edit] See also

[edit] References

  1. ^ Bryan, C.D.B (1995). Close Encounters of the Fourth Kind. Alfred A. Knopf, Inc. ISBN B000I1AFBA.
  2. ^ Blackmore, Susan (May 1998). "Abduction by Aliens or Sleep Paralysis?". Skeptical Inquirer 22 (3). Retrieved on 2006-10-01.
  3. ^ Smith, Jonathan Z (2001). "Close encounters of the diverse kind". Princeton University Press. Retrieved on 2006-10-01.
  4. ^ //**a**// //**b**// Clary, David A (2000). Before and After Roswell. Xlibris Corporation. ISBN 0-7388-4106-4.
  5. ^ D'arc, Joan (2000). Space Travelers and the Genesis of the Human Form. Book Tree. ISBN 1-58509-127-8.
  6. ^ Wells, H G [1901] (2004). "XI", The First Men in the Moon. Wildside Press. ISBN 0-8095-9653-9.
  7. ^ Lutrell, John H. "Did THEY Seize Couple", Boston Traveler, 1965-10-25.
  8. ^ //**a**// //**b**// Clark, Jerome [1998]. The UFO Book: Encyclopedia of the Extraterrestrial, 1st, Visible Ink, 705. ISBN 1-57859-029-9.
  9. ^ Stringfield, Leonard H (1980) "Status Report II, The UFO Crash/Retrieval Syndrome: New Sources, New Data; Jan. 1980, MUFON, pp. 10-12, 30-33 (drawings)
  10. ^ Berlitz, Charles; Moore William (1980). The Roswell Incident, 1st, Grosset & Dunlap. ISBN 0-448-21199-8.
  11. ^ Wingfield, George (1995). "The "Roswell" Film Footage". Flying Saucer Review 20 (2).
  12. ^ //Alien Autopsy: (Fact or Fiction?)// at the Internet Movie Database
  13. ^ "Eamonn Investigates: Alien Autopsy", British Sky Broadcasting, 2006-04-04.
  14. ^ Clarke, David (2006-06-01). "Alien Autopsy". Fortean Times (210). Dennis Publishing Ltd. ISSN 0308-5899.
  15. ^ The Disclosure Project
  16. ^ Novella, Steven (2001-12-01). The Psychocultural Hypothesis. The New England Skeptical Society. Retrieved on 2006-10-01.
  17. ^ Grosso, Michael (1992). Frontiers of the Soul: Exploring Psychic Evolution. Quest Books. ISBN 0-8356-0676-7.
  18. ^ Pye, Lloyd (1997). Everything You Know Is Wrong (Book One: Human Origins). Adamu Press. ISBN B000IZZLXS.
  19. ^ Cohen, Jack; Stewart, Ian (2002-02-07). Evolving the Alien, 1st, Ebury Press. ISBN 0-09-187927-2.
  20. ^ Thomas, Kenn (1999). Cyberculture Counter conspiracy. Book Tree. ISBN 1-58509-125-1.
  21. ^ Cannon, Martin. The Controllers.
  22. ^ Constantine, Alex (1995). Psychic Dictatorship in the U.S.A.. Feral House. ISBN 0-922915-28-8.

[edit] External links